The Mandarin Duck is known for its beauty and easy manageability. It is 41-49 cm long with a 65-75 cm wingspan. The Mandarin Duck spends much of its time in trees. It is known as a perching duck and prefers more of a wooded atmosphere, but it also must have a pond.
The adult male is a striking and unmistakable bird. It has a red bill, large white crescent above the eye and reddish face and "whiskers". The breast is purple with two vertical white bars, and the flanks ruddy, with two orange "sails" at the back. The female is similar to female Wood Duck, with a white eye-ring and stripe running back from the eye, but is paler below, has a small white flank stripe, and a pale tip to its bill.
The Mandarin Ducks eat aquatic plants, seeds, acorns, grains, insects and small fish. The breeding season for the Mandarins is in April. They lay about eight to
twelve eggs and they need to be incubated for about a month, or 28 to 30 days.
They require a nesting box to lay the eggs in. They typically roost in high
trees, so the box needs to be off the ground.