The Medical Guide


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...Abdominal Pain...

  1. What is Abdominal Pain?
  2. Possible Abdominal Aneurysm?
  3. Symptoms of Shock?
  4. When to go to Accident and Emergency?
  5. When to contact your Doctor?

1. What is Abdominal Pain? Page Top
Abdominal pain is pain that is felt in the abdomen. The abdomen is an anatomical area that is bounded by the lower margin of the ribs above, the pelvic bone (pubic ramus) below, and the flanks on each side.
The term abdominal pain generally is used to describe pain originating from organs within the abdominal cavity (i.e., beneath the skin and muscles).
These organs include the stomach, small intestine, colon, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas.
Occasionally, pain may be felt in the abdomen even though it is arising from organs that are close to but not within the abdominal cavity, for example, the lower lungs, the kidneys, and the uterus or ovaries.
This latter type of pain is called referred pain because the pain, though originating outside the abdomen, is being referred to (felt) in the abdominal area.
2. Possible Abdominal Aneurysm? Page Top
Call Emergency Services
An aneurysm is a localized widening (dilatation) of an artery, vein, or the heart. At the area of an aneurysm, there is typically a bulge and the wall is weakened and may rupture.
An aneurysm may involve the aorta, the largest artery in the body, as it courses down through the abdomen.
Because of the great volume of blood flowing under high pressure in the aorta, rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm is a potentially life-threatening condition.
3. Symptoms of Shock? Page Top
Call Emergency Services
Injuries to the liver or spleen are common causes of hemorrhagic shock.
Blood irritates to the peritoneal cavity; diffuse tenderness and peritonitis are common when blood is present.
However, the patient with altered mental status or multiple concomitant injuries may not have the classic signs and symptoms at physical examination.
Progressive abdominal distention in hemorrhagic shock is highly suggestive of intraabdominal hemorrhage.
4. When to go to Accident and Emergency? Page Top
Localised Abdominal Pain - Vomiting - Haematemesis
Localised Abdominal Pain - Vomiting - Confusion or Drowsiness
Localised Abdominal Pain - Vomiting - Possible Pregnancy
Vaginal Bleeding
Vaginal Discharge
Localised Abdominal Pain - Gastrointestinal Bleeding
Upper Abdominal Pain - Haematemesis
Upper Abdominal Pain - Vomiting With Alcohol
Upper Abdominal Pain - History of Seizure
5. When to contact your Doctor? Page Top
Localised Abdominal Pain - Vomiting - Fever
History of Chest Pain
Abdominal Trauma
Flank Pain, Low Back Pain
Abdominal Pain Radiating to the Back - Vomiting
Right Sided Abdominal Pain - Fever
Vomiting - Possible Food Poisoning
Vomiting with Alcohol - Alcohol Withdrawal Symptons
Vomiting - Recurrent Abdominal Pain
Vomiting - Viral Gastroenteritis
Dyspepsia (First Episode, Self Treatment Failure)
Symptoms of Shingles
Lower Abdominal Cramping - Melaena
Lower Abdominal Cramping - Testicular Pain/Swelling
Lower Abdominal Cramping - Groin Pain/Swelling
Lower Abdominal Cramping - Vaginal Bleeding or Discharge
Lower Abdominal Cramping - Menstrual Period
Lower Abdominal Cramping - Diarrhoea - Recent Travel
Lower Abdominal Cramping - Dysuria
Lower Abdominal Cramping - Alternating Constipation/Diarrhoea

The Medical Guide is for information only and does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
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