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Organic Knowledgebase and Glossary

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Sell By Date A date used to indicate how long a food item can remain on a shelf before it is no longer considered to be fresh and of a quality that can be sold to consumers.
Use By Dates are most often used for fresh products with shorter shelf lives, such as milk, meat, poultry, seafood, fish, baked goods, and similar items that may spoil within days.
Soil Micro-organisms Within the ecosystem of the soil there are tiny fungi, bacteria, protozoa, very small insects, larvae and worms.
These are all involved in the process of decomposition of organic matter. This is a complex process with many stages which, overall, is extremely beneficial to the soil.
Soya beans Soya beans contain an anti-trypsin factor (or trypsin inhibitor) which prevents the assimilation of the amino acid methionine. Soya beans require careful cooking to ensure destruction of this factor.
They should be soaked for at least 12 hours, drained and rinsed then covered with fresh water and brought to the boil. Soya beans should be boiled for the first hour of cooking.
Spinach A leafy green vegetable or salad green with a flavour that is slightly bitter tasting, derived from the oxalic acid contained in spinach.
There are basically two different varieties of spinach grown for consumption: the small, smooth, flat-textured leaf spinach and the crinkle-textured broad leaf spinach.
Spring Onion A green onion that has been harvested during the early stages of growth when it is smaller in diameter, pear-shaped, and long stemmed.
In the UK the onion is typically referred to as a spring onion, while other countries often call it a green onion. The spring onion is served in soups, salads, stir-fry dishes, on kebabs, and in vegetable dishes.
Spur bearing trees Spur bearing trees have fruiting spurs emerging along their branches, these spurs are formed over a number of years, and are a permanent part of the structure.
This is why spur bearing varieties are the ones to use for cordon, espalier, and fan trained trees. You "tip" (cut a little off)the ends of main branches to encourage the spurs to form.
Squash There are many varieties having different fruit shapes and colours.
Squash plants have separate male and female flowers on the same plant. Pollen must be transferred from the male flowers to the female by bees.
Sweet Corn Sweet corn varieties differ significantly in time to maturity and in quality, yellow, white, bi-color, standard and extra-sweet varieties are available.
Pollination is a very important consideration in planting sweet corn. Because corn is wind-pollinated block plantings of at least 3 to 4 short rows will be pollinated more successfully than one or two long rows.
Sweet Potato A tuber vegetable originating from Central America that is typically referred to as either a sweet potato or yam in the U.S.
Sweet potatoes are one of the best sources of beta-carotene, and are also a good source of fiber and vitamin C.
Sweet potatoes Sweet potatoes are edible roots, white or orange, that can be cooked in all the same ways as potatoes.
They can also be used to make desserts such as sweet potato pie. Sweet potatoes contain vitamin C and the orange variety is an excellent source of beta carotene.

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