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Organic Knowledgebase and Glossary

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Cabbage Cabbage grows from March to December. It will withstand temperatures as low as 15 to 20° F. Buy locally-grown transplants or produce your own.
It is best not to plant cabbage family crops (broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower) in the same spot year after year, since diseases and insect pests will build up. Rotate crops within your garden.
Carrots Carrots are the most popular vegetable in the UK.
Carrots can be boiled, baked, fried, mashed, juiced, grated into salads or made into puddings, cakes, pies, croquettes, or soufflés.
They're also delicious eaten raw, but cooking helps to break down the tough membranes of the plant, which makes some of the nutrients easier for our bodies to absorb.
Cassava roots Cassava roots can also be prepared like potatoes. They can be peeled and boiled, baked, or fried. There are two main varieties, bitter and sweet.
The bitter variety is poisonous when raw and is used mostly for making tapioca. The sweet variety is more commonly used in cooking.
Cauliflower Spring seedlings should be transplanted after danger of frost is past. Cut before flower sections begin to separate. The curd should be compact, firm, white and fairly smooth.
Celeriac Celeriac is a type of celery with a knobbly root that looks a bit like a turnip. It tastes similar to celery and goes well with fish and meat.
Try boiling and mashing celeriac and mixing it with mashed potato. You can also eat celeriac raw, but remember to peel it first because the skin is very stringy.
Certified Organic An accreditation process for producers of organic food.
Companion Planting Certain plants grown together help to reduce attack by pests and disease. For example onions or leeks grown with carrots help to deter the carrot fly.
French marigolds grown with tomatoes make whitefly infestation less likely. Pollination can also be improved by planting flowering herbs among the vegetables.
Composting Composting is part of the natural cycle of growth and decay.
Essential in this process are numerous microscopic organisms of both vegetable and animal origin which break down the vegetable matter and in this way release nutrients into the soil in a form which plants can use.
In turn, the plants provide food for the insects which then become food for the birds.
Crop Rotation A farming system which rotates the crops grown on the same piece of land rather than planting the same crop year after year. Organic farms often use this system to avoid pests who prey in the same crop year on year.
Cucumbers Most varieties of cucumber vines spread from row to row. Training on a trellis or fence along the edge of the garden will correct this and also lift the fruit off the soil.
Plants respond to mulching with soil warming black plastic in the spring for earlier harvest. Organic materials are useful in the summer to retain moisture and keep the fruit clean in non-trellised plantings.

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