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Software Testing Knowledgebase

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Acceptance Testing Formal testing conducted to enable a user, customer or other authorised entity to determine whether to accept a system or component.
Actual Outcome The behaviour actually produced when the object is tested under specified conditions.
Ad hoc testing Testing carried out using no recognised test case design technique
Agents Self contained processes that run in the background on a client or server and that perform useful functions for a specific user/owner. Agents may monitor exceptions based on criteria or execute automated tasks.
Aggregated Data Data that is results from applying a process to combine data elements. Data that is summarized.
Algorithm A sequence of steps for solving a problem.
Alpha Testing Simulated or actual operational testing at an in-house site not otherwise involved with the software developers
Application Portfolio An information system containing key attributes of applications deployed in a company. Application portfolios are used as tools to manage the business value of an application throughout its lifecycle.
Arc Testing a test case design technique for a component in which test cass are designed to execute branch condition outcomes
Artificial Intelligence (AI) The science of making machines do things which would require intelligence if they were done by humans.
Asset Component of a business process. Assets can include people, accommodation, computer systems, networks, paper records, fax machines, etc.
Attribute A variable that takes on values that might be numeric, text, or logical (true/false). Attributes store the factual knowledge in a knowledge base
Automation The use of software to perform or support test activities, e.g. test management, test design, test execution and results checking.
There are many factors to consider when planning for software test automation. Automation changes the complexion of testing and the test organisation from design through implementation and test execution.
There are tangible and intangible elements and widely held myths about benefits and capabilities of test automation.
Availability Ability of a component or service to perform its required function at a stated instant or over a stated period of time.
It is usually expressed as the availability ratio, i.e. the proportion of time that the service is actually available for use by the Customers within the agreed service hours.

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