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Poultry Knowledgebase

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ND or NCD NewCastle Disease
NFM Northern Fowl Mite
NHR New Hampshire Red
NN Naked Neck
NSQ Not Show Quality
Nematode A Roundworm. Nematodes are structurally simple organisms.
Nephritis The kidney will become inflamed and the bird's face will appear disscoloured.
Nest Egg A natural or artificial egg placed in a nest to encourage a hen to lay there rather than in some secluded hiding place.
Nestboxes Located in the lowest, darkest part of the house as hens like to lay their eggs in secret places. Nesting boxes for a standard sized hen are usually 18inch square.
Communal nest boxes with no partitions are useful as sometimes all the hens choose just one nestbox and queue up or all pile in together which is when eggs get broken.
Make sure there is outside access for you to collect the eggs.
Litter in the nestboxes can be shavings or straw (not hay due to moulds) and if the nestboxes have a mesh base the fleas find it less welcoming.
Keep the nest boxes clean adding louse powder each time they are cleaned out, adding the same to any dry dusting bathing areas.
A slope on the roof of the nestboxes helps to prevent roosting on the top of the nestbox.
About 1 nestbox for every 5 birds is enough
Nettles Nettles are a useful herbal food for most domestic animals and contain a good deal of chlorophyll as well as lime, sodium, iron and other minerals.
Newcastle Disease Newcastle virus is a virus that can infect most species of birds. The diseases are most commonly introduced by contact with migrating wild birds, in particular when their faeces contaminate poultry houses.
Sick birds shed the virus in respiratory secretions and fecal matter.
In most instances the respiratory infection is quite mild in all but very young birds. However, egg layers usually show a moderate to severe egg production drop.
It may take two to four weeks for egg production to come back to near normal levels.
There is no effective treatment for this viral infection.
The commercial poultry industry practices widespread vaccination for this disease as a preventative tool.
The last outbreak of Newcastle Disease in the UK took place in 1997. Although only 11 farms were affected, thousands of birds had to be slaughtered.
The outbreak of Newcastle Disease (fowl plague), which swept through Denmark during 2003 affected 135 flocks.

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