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Poultry Knowledgebase

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B/F Believed Fertile
Bantam Fowl
B/L Blue Laced
BOB Best Of Breed
BPR Barred Plymouth Rock
BR Barred Rock
Bantams Bantams are miniatures of certain Large Fowl which should be one quarter the size of the large, usually referred to as Bantams.
True Bantams do not have a Large Fowl counterpart and are primarily for ornamental and aesthetic purposes, but are excellent for young children and those without much space available for poultry.
Bantam Cochins are known as Pekins in Britain and Australia.
Banty Refering to a bantam hen.
Barnevelders Laced_Barnevelders
Beak The mouth or hard protrusion on the front of the birds mouth, 2 parts, upper and lower.
Blastoderm A fertilised true egg.
Blastodisc A true egg that was not fertilised.
Blood Spots Occasionally found on an egg yolk. Contrary to popular opinion, these tiny spots do not indicate a fertilized egg.
They are caused by the rupture of a blood vessel on the yolk surface during formation of the egg or by a similar accident in the wall of the oviduct. Less than 1% of all eggs produced have blood spots.
Bloom The moist coating that protects the freshly laid egg, it dries so quickly it is hard to see.
Boredom Boredom and lack of space leads to feather and egg pecking as well as bullying.
Give your chickens enough space and areas for scratching and dusting.
Brahmas Light_Brahmas Dark_Brahmas
Breast Check for breast bone straightness and the presence of abscesses or other swellings.
Breed True Purebred chicks that resemble both parents.
A group of chickens within a class having a distinctive body shape and the same general features and weight.
Broiler A young meat-type chicken, usually 9 to 12 weeks of age, of either sex, that can be cooked tender by broiling or frying, usually weighing between 2 1/2 and 3 1/2 pounds.
Bronchitis Infectious Bronchitis (or IB) is a common viral disease.
Infected birds shed the virus through respiratory secretions and feces. (This viral disease affects chickens only.)
Signs: As with Newcastle disease, little or no death loss is common, except in very young chicks.
However, if sexually immature birds become infected, they may experience permanent damage to their reproductive tract and never lay eggs.
Mature layers infected with Infectious Bronchitis will lay eggs with misshapen, soft, wrinkled shells for several weeks.
Broiler chickens will show poor weight gain and may develop secondary bacterial infections. Infected birds usually cough, because of excessive mucus in their trachea.
This disease spreads rapidly through the entire flock. In uncomplicated cases, the flock recovers quickly.
Treatment and Prevention: There is no effective treatment. Prevention is by vaccination.
Another action you can take is to provide supplementary heat if the weather is cold. Cold stress is a major factor in the birdsí ability to recover from IB.
If weather permits and cold stress would not occur as a result, then a complete air exchange of the coop with fresh air once a day during infection would be beneficial to keep the viral count down in the air.
IB is found worldwide but in varying strains with more emerging all of the time. This is why vaccination is not always effective.
Broody Hens A broody hen refuses to leave the nest and clucks repeatedly when you go near her.
Broody hens are some times called 'cluckers' or 'clockers'.
Broody hens are most likely to happen in spring but can happen at any time throughout the year and is especially likely in the hen's second year.
Broody hens do not lay eggs and they also take up a whole nest box. It can last over a month.
Bumblefoot An infection of the foot which is swollen and may feel hot. An antibiotic topical ointment may cure this. Wear gloves when doing this.
Arthritis may also be the cause of a limping bird.

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