The Medical Guide


Medical Terms and Glossary

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TNT Prescription-only medicine.
Headaches, nausea, and bulging eyes. If spilled it can burn the skin and may be fatal if swallowed. People with anaemia, glaucoma and breathing or heart problems are most at risk.
Regular use can lead to tolerance (greater amount needed to produce same effect) and an increase in risks listed above.
Tina Methamphetamine is a form of amphetamine and currently sits within Class B, unless prepared for injection when it becomes Class A Drug.
The drug can cause disturbing hallucinations and make the user extremely paranoid.
One of the nastier and most common hallucinations is 'speed bugs' or 'crank bugs' where users think bugs are crawling under their skin and go frantic trying to get them out.
Regular use is linked to lung and kidney disorders. Coming off the drug can lead to severe depression and suicidal urges.
Tobacco In the Uk it is illegal for retailers to sell tobacco to anyone under 16.
Nicotine addiction can develop quite rapidly and regular smokers often feel anxious and irritable if unable to smoke. Smoking can restrict growth in young people.
Other chemicals in tobacco cause lung cancer and stomach diseases, heart disease, circulation problems, wrinkled skin and premature ageing.
Toxocariasis Toxocariasis is a zoonotic disease caused by Toxocara canis and Toxocara cati. These parasitic roundworms are found in the intestines of some dogs and cats, and lay their eggs in the infected animals’ faeces.
Accidentally ingesting these eggs in contaminated soil or unwashed vegetables, is the most common way to catch Toxocariasis.
Once the eggs reach the human intestine, they hatch into larvae and migrate through the intestinal wall.
The larvae can remain alive for several months, causing damage by moving through tissue and stimulating inflammation.
If there are symptoms, they are usually mild, and can include fever, coughing, asthma and pneumonia. Occasionally, the infection spreads to the eye, causing endophthalmitis.
In severe cases, the result is loss of vision. Educating people about the sources of infection and educating pet owners about worming their animals can help the spread of this disease.
Toxoplasmosis Toxoplasmosis is a zoonotic infection caused by the parasite Toxoplasma gondii.
It is one of the most common parasitic human infections and is often caught by eating undercooked meat or by hand-to-mouth contact with the faeces of infected cats, contaminated soil, and poorly washed garden produce.
The infection is usually asymptomatic or mild and self-limiting (persistent acute fever with enlarged lymph glands) but can be severe in immunocompromised individuals and unborn children.
Toxoplasmosis does not require specific treatment if the patient is otherwise healthy.
Tranquillisers and Temazepam If possessed without a prescription or supplied illegally, classified as Class C Drug.
Relieves anxiety and tension. Calms users and slows them down. High doses can make users drowsy and forgetful. Dangerous mixed with alcohol or other drugs.
Regular use can damage short term memory and reduce energy. Almost all tranquillisers are addictive. Withdrawal symptoms include depression, insomnia and panic attacks.
Tuberculosis Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis, also known as 'the tubercle bacillus'. TB commonly affects the lungs, but can reach any part of the body.
It is usually spread by the coughs or sneezes of an infected person, but is not highly contagious.
Prolonged close contact with a person with TB—for example, living in the same household—is usually necessary for infection to be passed on.
The most important part of controlling TB is identifying and treating those who already have the disease, to shorten their infection and to stop it being passed on to others.
Tularaemia Tularaemia, caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis, is a zoonosis, a disease that can be caught from animals. Vectors include small rodents, rabbits and hares.
However, the disease can also be transmitted by contact with infected air and water, or bites from a carrier insect.
Symptoms include ulcers, sore throat, pharyngitis or tonsillitis, pneumonia, blood poisoning and acute flu-like illness.
Tularaemia can be successfully treated with specific antibiotics. Although a vaccine exists it is not effective against the airborne variety of the disease.

The Medical Guide is for information only and does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
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