The Medical Guide


Medical Terms and Glossary

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SARS Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
Salmonellosis Salmonellosis is a bacterial infection caused by numerous serotypes of Salmonella. It is mainly a food-borne disease - contaminated food being the most common mode of transmission.
Cold-blooded animals including tropical fish and reptiles ('exotic pets') are also a source of human salmonellosis.
In these cases, infection in people occurs by ingestion of contaninated faeces of an infected animal or person.
Babies, children below five years of age , pregnant women, the elderly, and others with weakened immune systems are particularly at risk from infection.
Salmonella infection usually causes a mild illness with symptoms such as fever, yet severe infection can occur which may lead to septicaemia, meningitis and death. Antibiotic treatment is also available.
Shabu Methamphetamine is a form of amphetamine and currently sits within Class B, unless prepared for injection when it becomes Class A Drug.
The drug can cause disturbing hallucinations and make the user extremely paranoid.
One of the nastier and most common hallucinations is 'speed bugs' or 'crank bugs' where users think bugs are crawling under their skin and go frantic trying to get them out.
Regular use is linked to lung and kidney disorders. Coming off the drug can lead to severe depression and suicidal urges.
Shrooms Class A Drug.
Stomach pains, sickness and diarrhoea. Poisoning by eating wrong kind of mushroom by mistake. Can complicate mental illnesses.
Smack (scag) Class A Drug.
There is a real risk of drug overdose, possibly leading to coma or death, particularly when mixed with other drugs.
Heroin is highly addictive and larger and more frequent doses may be needed to feel ‘normal’. Injecting can damage veins; sharing needles can spread hepatitis and HIV.
Smallpox Smallpox is an acute contagious disease caused by the variola virus.
Snow Class A Drug.
Some users may feel tense and anxious while using and afterwards many feel very tired and depressed. It can also cause convulsions, chest pain and sudden death from heart attack or stroke.
Sniffing can damage the inside of the nose. Smoking crack can cause breathing problems and lung damage. Frequent use can lead to paranoia, hallucinations, aggression and weight loss.
Cocaine and especially crack cocaine are highly addictive. Chronic use also causes severe damage to heart and circulation, brain damage and severe mental health problems.
Solvents In the UK it is illegal for retailers to sell butane gas refills to anyone under 18. Also illegal for solvents to be supplied to people of any age in the knowledge that they are to be abused.
Hangover for a day or two. Nausea, vomiting, blackouts, bad cough, spots/sores around mouth, persistent cold and heart problems.
Inhaling with a plastic bag can cause suffocation. It is extremely dangerous to squirt gas into the mouth as this can cause sudden death. Never chase anyone sniffing solvents as their heart may suddenly stop beating.
Long term: Damage to brain, liver, kidneys, nervous system, lungs and reproductive organs.
Special K Possession is not controlled by misuse of drugs legislation, but sale or supply is illegal under the Medicines Act.
Can cause problems with vision, loss of coordination, and frightening hallucinations that require assistance and reassurance from others.
It is particularly dangerous if used in combination with depressants such as alcohol or heroin. It can make some mental health problems worse.
Prolonged use can cause disorientation and detachment from reality but the long-term effects are not well understood.
Speed Class B Drug (or Class A if prepared for injection). Reduces appetite and ability to sleep.
Some users may feel tense and anxious while using and afterwards many feel very tired and depressed. The drug can cause sudden death from heart attack or stroke.
Frequent high doses can cause panic, hallucination and weight loss. Heavy long-term use places strain on the heart and can cause mental illness. Amphetamines are addictive.
Stem Cell Stem cells are the very early cells that can develop into almost all other types of cell and tissue.
They occur in the early (5-day) embryo when it is a tiny ball of about 100 cells before it implants in the uterus (embryonic stem cells or "ES cells").
They also occur in significant numbers in some tissues in the developing fetus and in cord blood at birth.
They can also be found in some adult tissue, e.g. bone marrow, but they are difficult to isolate, being present in very small numbers.
Stem cell research offers the potential to deliver new treatments for many diseases for which there are currently no effective cures including chronic heart disease and Parkinson’s.

The Medical Guide is for information only and does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
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