The Medical Guide


Medical Terms and Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 


LSD Class A Drug.
Trips cannot be controlled, changed or stopped. A bad trip can be terrifying, which requires help and reassurance from others. Mental health problems can be triggered and existing conditions made worse.
Legionnaires Disease Legionnaires' disease is a rare but serious acute respiratory disease caused by the bacterium Legionella pneumophila.
It was named after a severe outbreak of the disease spread through the American Legion in 1976. Infection happens when people inhale aerosols—droplets of water suspended in the air—that contain the Legionella bacterium.
Infection often occurs around hot water systems, air conditioning cooling towers and whirlpool spas. The early symptoms are flu-like and include muscle aches, tiredness, headaches, dry cough and fever.
Diarrhoea and confusion may also develop. The symptoms frequently lead to pneumonia, and the disease is fatal in 10-15% of otherwise healthy individuals.
The best way to control and prevent the disease is treating the contaminated water systems at its source.
Leptospirosis Leptospirosis is an acute bacterial infection affecting humans and many animal species.
Symptoms can include sudden fever, vomiting, headaches, muscular pains, conjunctivitis, jaundice, depression, haemolytic anaemia, meningitis, pneumonia, and inflammation of the kidneys.
In cases where jaundice occurs, the illness is known as Weil's disease and can be fatal. Animal hosts include rats and cattle.
Infection occurs through direct or indirect contact with infected animal urine, or, less frequently, from animal bites, handling infected animal tissue, or swallowing contaminated food or water.
Person to person spread is exceptionally rare. No vaccine for human use is available in this country although an effective vaccine is licensed for veterinary use.
Antibiotic treatment is available, and simple precautions like staying out of rivers, lakes and canals can significantly reduce the risk of infection.
Librium If possessed without a prescription or supplied illegally, classified as Class C Drug.
Relieves anxiety and tension. Calms users and slows them down. High doses can make users drowsy and forgetful. Dangerous mixed with alcohol or other drugs.
Regular use can damage short term memory and reduce energy. Almost all tranquillisers are addictive. Withdrawal symptoms include depression, insomnia and panic attacks.
Linctus If possessed without a prescription or supplied illegally, classified as Class A Drug.
Drug overdose, possibly leading to coma or death, if taken by someone not used to the drug.
Methadone should only be taken as part of a prescribed and supervised programme to treat addiction to opiate drugs, especially heroin.
Liquid Gold Prescription-only medicine.
Headaches, nausea, and bulging eyes. If spilled it can burn the skin and may be fatal if swallowed. People with anaemia, glaucoma and breathing or heart problems are most at risk.
Regular use can lead to tolerance (greater amount needed to produce same effect) and an increase in risks listed above.
Liquid ecstasy Class C Drug.
Larger doses can cause drowsiness, sickness, disorientation, convulsions, coma and breathing difficulties.
GHB has been linked to drug-assisted sexual assault (‘date rape’) when mixed with alcohol.
Lyme Disease Lyme disease is a zoonosis caused by the spirochaete (spiral shaped bacterium), Borrelia burgdorferi.
The bacterium is passed to humans by exposure to an infected tick, Ixodes ricinus. Lyme disease is a multi-system disorder with considerable variation of symptoms from patient to patient.
Some infected people have no symptoms; others suffer from a distinctive skin lesion, systemic symptoms, and neurological, rheumatic and cardiac involvement that occur in varying combinations over a period of months/years
Antibiotic treatment is available to speed up resolution and prevent the disease from progressing further. Control is by education and prevention, especially the use of protective clothing and insect repellents.

The Medical Guide is for information only and does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
© RuleWorks - All Rights Reserved - Policy and Disclaimer -