The Dyslexia Guide


Dyslexia Knowledgebase

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SENCo Schools may have a special needs co-ordinator (SENCo).
Parents who are concerned about their child's literacy difficulties, should first approach the school. The school may arrange for the child to be assessed by a SENCo or by an educational psychologist.
Parents may also arrange an independent assessment with a Chartered Psychologist.
Scanning tools Optical Character Recognition.
Being able to scan in documents and convert them to a text document is a great facility for people who have problems with reading, typing or copying text.
Scotopic Sensitivity Syndrome Scotopic Sensitivity Syndrome, also known as Meares-Irlen Syndrome or Irlen Syndrome, is a broadly defined visual perceptual disorder affecting primarily reading and writing based activities.
Because of this, it is sometimes categorised as a form of dyslexia. The syndrome is one in which reading is impeded by distortions of print.
Sufferers are given acetate overlays of different colours to establish one preferable overlay colour for them. The overlays help stabilise the distorted text.
Screen reading software This software enables computer users with reading or dyslexia-related difficulties to have practically any on-screen text read aloud.
All controlled through a mouse this software will read out text underneath the mouse or read aloud key strokes or typed words.
Self-esteem Feeling stupid, ugly, incompetent, brainless.
Speech Problems Speech disorders such as slurring, stuttering, minor articulation errors, poor word recall, and auditory-input and motor-output speech lags.
Speech Recognition Speech recognition software can be of great benefit for people who have difficulty producing written work whether though dyslexia or other disabilities such as RSI.
With a little training it is possible to produce written work faster than typing, without any of the typographical errors and spelling mistakes with typing.
Speech recognition software has been available for some years now and had gained a reputation for being difficult to train and use.
However, over the last few years there have been significant improvements in the amount of training needed, overall recognition accuracy and ease of use of the software.
You can realistically expect to achieve 96-98% accuracy after training.
Speech Recognition uses a lot of processing power, so needs a modern, fast computer with a lot of memory.
Speech-to-text See entry for "Speech Recognition"
Spelling Problems Memory instability for spelling, grammar, math, names, dates, and lists, or sequences such as the alphabet, the days of the week and months of the year, and directions.
Spider Diagrams Graphical organisation mapping can help with dyslexia.
Pictures and diagrams help those who prefer a visual working environment.
Ideas do not have to be formed into sentences immediately.
Easy to re-arrange ideas into a coherent structure.
Maps can be developed using your individual thinking or learning style.
Visual representation helps to highlight where information is plentiful and where it is lacking.
Of course all these factors can benefit non-dyslexic learners as much.

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