The Dyslexia Guide


Dyslexia Knowledgebase

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DSA Disabled Student Allowance
DSA provides technology and funding for university students.
It is available for UK students with disabilities (including dyslexia) who are undertaking full time courses in Higher Education.
Part-time students, studying the equivalent of at least 50% of a full-time course are also eligible for DSAs, as are post graduate students.
Department of Work and Pensions The Department of Work and Pensions helps fund technology for people with disabilities at work.
You can find out more about the scheme from your local job centre.
AtW is run by the Employment Service (your Job Centre) for people who have long-term health problems or a disability which hinders them in their work (including dyslexia).
Desktop Microphone Desktop microphones can be used with Speech Recognition software.
Digital Voice Recorder Use it to make notes and record lectures as well as for dictation on the move.
Voice recorders can be used with Speech Recognition software.
Direction Problems Right/left and related directional uncertainty.
Disability Discrimination Act Organisations will often have to make arrangements for dyslexic and disabled students, employees and customers under the Disability Discrimination Act.
Dyscalculia Difficulty with mathematical concepts, calculations and interpreting mathematical symbols.
Dyscalculia is often described as an extreme difficulties with numbers. Such people often do not understand 5 essential concepts: TIME, SEQUENCE, ORDER, CHANGE and CONSEQUENCE.
A proportion of children beginning school will have been born with deficits that could impact on their ability to deal with all or part of the national curriculum/numeracy strategy.
It is believed that 4% of children are severely dyslexic and a further 6% are affected at the mild-moderate level in literacy.
It is also believed that about 40% of these will experience significant difficulty with maths.
Dysgraphia Dysgraphia, technically, is the inability to write to an acceptable standard, that is the person with the condition has very poor handwriting.
Often poor handwriting is part of the coping strategy of those who have other writing/dyslexic problems, if you cannot read it then you cannot tell if the text is mis-spelt or the grammar is poor.
Dyslexia Dyslexia can be defined as a specific learning difficulty in reading, spelling or writing or in a combination of two or all three of these areas due to a difference in the part of the brain which process language.
Dyslexia causes difficulties in learning to read, write and spell. Short-term memory, mathematics, concentration, personal organisation may also be affected.
Dyslexia usually arises from a weakness in the processing of language-based information. Biological in origin, it tends to run in families, but environmental factors also contribute.
Dyslexia can occur at any level of intellectual ability. It is not the result of poor motivation, emotional disturbance, sensory impairment or lack of opportunities, but it may occur alongside any of these.
The effects of dyslexia can be largely overcome by skilled specialist teaching and the use of compensatory strategies.
The word 'dyslexia' comes from the Greek and means 'difficulty with words'.
Dyslexia Ayrshire Support organisation for Ayrshire, Scotland.
Dysphasia Speech and language delay and/or deficit.
Dyspraxia Motor and co-ordination difficulties.

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