The Ancestry Guide
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Ancestry Knowledgebase and Glossary

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ItemDescription
GEDCOM GEDCOM, an acronym for GEnealogical Data COMmunication, is a specification for exchanging genealogical data between different genealogy software.
Genealogy Genealogy is the study of families and the tracing of their lineages and history.
Genealogists use historical records, genetic analysis, and other records to obtain information about a family and to demonstrate kinship among its members. The results can be displayed in charts or written as narratives.
Genogram A genogram is a pictorial display of a person's family relationships and medical history.
It goes beyond a traditional family tree by allowing the user to visualize hereditary patterns and psychological factors that punctuate relationships.
Grandparent Grandparents are the father or mother of a person's own father or mother, being respectively a grandfather and a grandmother.
By virtue of being a grandparent, one is also a parent.
Everyone has a maximum of four genetic grandparents, eight genetic great-grandparents, sixteen genetic great-great-grandparents, etc.
Gravestone A Gravestone (or Headstone) may be simple upright slabs with semi-circular, rounded, gabled, pointed-arched, pedimental, square or other shaped tops.
During the 18th century, they were often decorated with memento mori (symbolic reminders of death) such as skulls or winged skulls, winged cherub heads, heavenly crowns, urns or the picks and shovels of the grave digger.
Great-grandparents The parents of a grandparent are called all the same names (grandfather/-mother, grandpa/-ma, granddad/-am, etc.) with the prefix "great-" added.
For example, one's father's father's father is a great-grandfather.
The same applies to one's great-grandparent's parents (great-great-grandparents).

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