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Census 1891 Wales

The 1891 Census for Wales was taken on the night of 5 April 1891.

The following information was requested:

  • Name of street, avenue road, etc.;
  • house number or name; whether or not the house was inhabited;
  • number of rooms occupied if less than five;
  • name of each person that had spent the night in that household;
  • relationship of person enumerated to the head of the family;
  • each person's marital status;
  • age at last birthday (sex is indicated by which column the age is recorded in);
  • each person’s occupation;
  • whether they are employer or employee or neither;
  • person's place of birth; whether deaf, dumb, blind, or lunatic.

Some of this information may be recorded in Welsh or English.

Enumeration forms were distributed to all households a couple of days before census night and the complete forms were collected the next day. All responses were to reflect the individual's status as of 5 April 1891 for all individuals who had spent the night in the house. People who were travelling or living abroad were enumerated at the location where they spent the night on census night.

If the head of the house was illiterate or had any problems completing the form the enumerator would complete as much as necessary. All of the details from the individual forms were later sorted and copied into enumerators’ books, which are the records we can view images of today. The original householders schedules from 1841 to 1901 were destroyed.

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