Maps and Gazetteers
While the locations of ancestors residences and life events are core elements of the family research, they can often be confusing.
Place names may be subject to variant spellings by partially literate scribes. Locations may have identical or very similar names.
Shifts in political borders must also be understood. Parish, county and national borders have frequently been modified. Old records may contain references to farms and villages that have ceased to exist.
Maps and gazetteers are important sources for understanding the places researched. They show the relationship of an area to neighboring communities and may be of help in understanding migration patterns.